Vin's Technical Articles

(c) Vin Callcut 2002-2017. Small extracts can be used with acknowledgements to '' website.

Helpful comments are very welcome.


Articles, books, videos and discs in chronological order

1.        "Ageing of Chromel-Alumel Thermocouples", V Callcut, TRG Report 1021 (R/X), 1965,  U.K.A.E.A.

  2.        "Embrittlement of Titanium-Aluminium Alloys", V Callcut, BNFMRA Research Report RRA 1215, Nov 1968, 25pp, British Non-Ferrous Metals Research Association.

  3.        "The Tensile and Creep Properties of some Thorium Alloys and some Ceramic Dispersions in Thorium", V Callcut,       D J Davies and S. Harper, BNFMRA Reseach Report RRA 1269, Dec 1959, 35pp, British Non-Ferrous Metals Research Association.

  4.        "Further Creep and Tensile Properties of some Thorium Alloys and Ceramic Dispersions in Thorium", V Callcut and    A A Hershman, BNFMRA RRA1321, Mar 1961, 42pp, British Non-Ferrous Metals Research Association.

  5.        "The Embrittlement of Tough-Pitch Copper Windings in Hydrogen-Cooled Electrical Generators", S Harper, V Callcut, D W Townsend and R Eborall, J. Inst Metals, 1961-2, 90, 414-423.

  6.        "The Embrittlement of Tough-Pitch Copper during Annealing or Preheating", S Harper, V Callcut, D W Townsend and R Eborall, J. Inst Metals, 1961-2, 90, 423-429.

  7.        "Quality Assurance in the Copper Industry", V Callcut, 16pp, Paper No 6, 16th IQA Conference, Oxford, 1976, Institute of Quality Assurance.

  8.        "The Routine Testing of Copper and Brass Sheet and Strip for Formability", V Callcut, Sheet Metal Industries, 1977, 54, 7, 664-670.

  9.        "The Brasses - Properties and Applications", V Callcut, CDA TN24, Dec 1980, 22pp, Copper Development Association.

  10.     "New British Standards Publications relating to Copper Refinery Shapes", V Callcut, Met. & Mat. Technologist, 1981, 13, 10, 504-506.

  11.     "High Conductivity Coppers", V Callcut, CDA TN29, Nov 1981, 34pp, Copper Development Association.

  12.     “Brass Manufacture”, V Callcut, NMRA Bulletin, Aug 1991, p22.

  13.     "Raw and Wrought Copper", V Callcut, BSI News, British Standards Institution, 1982, Jan, pp7-8.

  14.     “Brass”, Audio-visual presentation, CDA 1982, 16min.

  15.     "Copper-Nickel Alloys - Properties and Applications", V Callcut, CDA TN 30, Sep 1982, 29pp, Copper Development Association.

  16.     "Copper and its Alloys in the Process Industries", V Callcut and A K Woollaston, Paper C76/82, Proc Conf 'Materials for the Process Industries' pp 49 - 58. Mechanical Engineering Publications Ltd., Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk IP32 6BW

  17.     "Dezincification Resistant Brass" V Callcut, CDA IS 36, Nov 1982, 4pp, Copper Development Association.

  18.     “Design in Brass”, V Callcut, Audio-visual presentation, CDA 1983, 14min.

  19.     “Meeting Competition”, V Callcut, Birmingham Post, 16th Mar 1983.

  20.     "Recent Developments in Copper Alloys", V Callcut, Met. Soc. World, 1983, 1, 5, pp4-5.

  21.     "Copper ‘83 - Conference Report - Applications", V Callcut and A K Woollaston, Met Soc World, 1984,3, 2, pp14-16.

  22.     "Copper in Transition", V Callcut, Met. & Mat. Technologist, 1984, 16, 4, pp185-191.

  23.     "Confidence in Copper", V Callcut, The Birmingham Post supplement on Non-Ferrous Metals, 1984, March 28, p7.

  24.     "The Steel Industry - some Prospects", V Callcut, Met. and Mat. Tech. 1984, 16, p354

  25.     "Machining Brasses", CDA IS 40,  V Callcut & M Wise, Oct 1984, 4pp, Copper Development Association.

  26.     "Versatile Brass". V Callcut, Metallurgist and Materials Technologist, 1984, 16, (9), 471-474.

  27.     “Brass”, V Callcut, CDA video AV3, 1984, 23min.

  28.     "Surface Finishes on Copper and Copper Alloys", V Callcut, Met. and Mat. Technologist, 1984, 16, 11, pp575-584.

  29.     "Copper for Busbars", D M Boothman, B J Popham and V Callcut, CDA Publication No 22, Revised 1984, 51pp, Copper Development Association.

  30.     "Expanding Markets for Copper-Nickel Alloys". V Callcut, Metals and Materials, 1985, 1, (8), pp489-494.

  31.     "Copper Alloys Resist Marine Corrosion". V Callcut, Engineering, Non-Ferrous Metals Supplement, 1985, Sept,  pp16-19.

  32.     "High Tensile Brasses", V Callcut,  CDA IS 42, Jan 1986, 4pp, Copper Development Association.

  33.     "Copper and Copper Alloys - Composition and Properties", V Callcut, CDA TN10, Jan 1986, 28pp, Copper Development Association.

  34.     "Coppers for Electrical Purposes", V Callcut, IEE Proceedings, 1986, (133), Pt A, (4), pp174-201.

  35.     "Aluminium Bronze Alloys for Industry", B Popham and V Callcut, CDA Publication No 83, Mar 1986, 16pp, Copper Development Association.

  36.     “Brass, a Versatile Alternative”, V Callcut, Materials in Engineering Design, June 1986, pp10-11.

  37.     "Constructive Uses for Coppers", V Callcut, Metals and Materials, 1986 2, (5), pp278-281.

  38.     "Copper-Nickel Cladding for Offshore Structures", V Callcut, CDA TN 37, Sep 1986, 9pp, Copper Development Association

  39.     “Design in Brass”, V Callcut, CDA Video AV4, 1986, 19min.

  40.     "Design in Brass", V Callcut, CDA Publication No 84, Oct 1986, 16pp, Copper Development Association.

  41.     "Copper and Copper Alloys" V Callcut, "Kempe's Engineers' Yearbook, Section C pp11 - 46, 1987.

  42.     "Copper - Current Status and Future Prospects", M H Davies, V Callcut and A K Woollaston,  Metals and Materials, 1987, 3 6, 323-326.

  43.     “Copper and its Alloys”, V Callcut, Engineering Technical File No 159, Oct 1987, 4pp.

  44.     "Quality Control in the Non-Ferrous Industries", V Callcut, Institute of Engineering Designers Yearbook, 1987/8, pp412-3. Sterling Publications.

  45.     "Modern Copper and Copper Alloys - Designers Guide", V Callcut, Engineering Technical File No 188, 1987, Oct.

  46.     "The Brasses - Properties and Applications", V Callcut, CDA TN24 revision 1987. 28pp.

  47.     "Materials Information Sources - Copper and Copper Alloys", V Callcut, Chapter for book edited by M Patton, Sauer Publications, 1989.

  48.     "Helping Industry to use Copper", V Callcut, Foundry Trade Journal, No 3355, Vol 161, 10th Sept 1987, pp716-717.

  49.     "Copper Alloys in Marine Environments" V Callcut, Metallurgia, 1988 55 No1, Jan. pp38-40.

  50.     "Welding Aluminium Bronzes", V Callcut, Welding and Metal Fabrication, 1988, 56, 3, (April), pp 126-130.

  51.     "Marine Engineering with Copper-Nickel", V Callcut, Metals and Materials, 1988, 4, 8, (Aug), pp 490-492.

  52.     “Design in Aluminium Bronze” V Callcut, CDA Video AV6, 1988, 9min.

  53.     "Aluminium Bronze - Essential for Industry", V Callcut, CDA Publication No 86, August 1988, 8pp

  54.     "Welding of Aluminium Bronzes", R J Dawson & V Callcut, CDA Publication No 85, August 1988, 8pp.

  55.     "Copper - The Vital Metal", V Callcut, CDA Video No AV7, Aug 1988, 10min.

  56.     "Aluminium Bronzes for Industrial Use", V Callcut, Metals and Materials, 1989, 5, 3, (Mar), pp 128-132

  57.     "Advanced Copper Alloys", V Callcut, Chapter for book 'Advanced Materials', Saur, London 1989

  58.     "Soldering and Brazing", V Callcut, Chapter 34 in Smithells 'Metals Reference Book', edited by E A Brandes, Butterworth, London, 1989.

  59.     "Copper and Copper Alloys", V Callcut, Chapter in Smithells 'Metals Reference Book', edited by E A Brandes, Butterworth, London, 1989.

  60.     “Copper Alloys offer Economic Alternative”, V Callcut, Processing, May 1989, pp31-34.

  61.     “Future Trends for Copper Alloys”, V Callcut, OEM Design, Dec 1989, pp38-40.

  62.     “Copper and Copper Alloy Information Sources”, V Callcut & A Segal, Paper to Institute of Materials Conference ‘Copper ’90’, Vasteräs, 6pp.

  63.     “European Copper Standards”, V Callcut, Metals & Materials, May 1990, pp310-311.

  64.     “High Conductivity Coppers”, V Callcut, CDA Publication TN29, Aug 1990.32pp.

  65.     “How Brass Outguns Steel”, V Callcut, Eureka on Campus, Sept 1990, pp60-61.

  66.     “Copper ’90: Refining, Fabrication, Markets”, V Callcut & A Segal, Metals & Materials, Jan 1991, pp38-42.

  67.     “Copper – a Key Material in Energy Saving Designs”, V Callcut, OEM Design, Jan 1991, pp14-17.

  68.     “Where it Pays to Specify Copper”, V Callcut, Eureka on Campus, Mar 1991, pp6-7.

  69.     “Clear Lacquers for Copper, Brass and other Copper Alloys”, V Callcut, A Segal & B Green, Institute of Metal Finishing Conference, Torquay, April 1991.

  70.     “Clear Protective Coatings for Copper and Copper Alloys”, V Callcut and A Segal, CDA Publication TN41, 1991, 19pp.

  71.     “Copper and Copper Alloy Castings”, E C Mantle & V Callcut, CDA Publication TN42, 1991, 40pp.

  72.     “Copper- The Vital Metal", V Callcut, CDA Video AV7, 1991, 10min.

  73.     “Efficient Use of Electricity”, V Callcut, CDA IS52, June 1991, 5pp.

  74.     “Copper Bottomed Investments”, V Callcut, Eureka on Campus, July 1991, pp60-62.

  75.     “Machining Brass, Copper & its Alloys”, V A Callcut & A Segal, CDA Publication TN44, 1992, 66pp.

  76.     “Copper Alloy Bearings”, S Maw & V Callcut,  CDA Publication TN45, 1992, 26pp.

  77.     “Low Voltage Lighting”, V Callcut, CDA Publication 91, Nov 1992, 12pp.

  78.     “Quality Copper Suppliers – Cheap!”, V Callcut, Paper to EHC ‘9t3 Conference, Birmingham, CDA 1993.

  79.     “Europe, the CEN Standards and You”, V Callcut & A Segal, Paper to EHC ‘9t3 Conference, Birmingham, CDA 1993

  80.     “The Copper Connection”, V Callcut, CDA Video AV8, 1993, 20min.

  81.     “Energy Efficient Cables”, R Parr and V Callcut, CDA Publication 91, 1993. 17pp.

  82.     “Design for Production”, V Callcut, CDA Publication No 97, 1994, 64pp.

  83.     “Conductor sizing for Energy Efficiency”, V Callcut, Paper for 2nd European Conference on Economics and Management of Energy in Industry, Lisbon, 5-9th April 1994, 10pp

  84.     “Conductor Sizing for Energy Efficiency”, V Callcut, CDA Publication 99, June 1994, 11pp.

  85.     “Recycling of Copper”, V Callcut, CDA Publication 101, 1994, 4pp.

  86.     “Copper and Copper Alloys – Designations and Equivalents”, V Callcut & A Segal, CDA Publication 105, Nov 94, 14pp.

  87.     “Hot Stampings in Copper Alloys”, V Callcut & A Segal, Metallurgia, Feb 1995, pp70-71.

  88.     “Megabytes on Coppers”, V Callcut, Materials World, Feb 1995, p85.

  89.     "Copper and Copper Alloys" V Callcut, "Kempe's Engineers' Yearbook, Section C pp659-694, 1995.

  90.     “Less is not always More”, V Callcut, Metallurgia, Nov 1995, pp383.

  91.     “The Brasses – Properties and Applications, V Callcut, CDA Publication No 117, 1996, 66pp.

 92.     “Joining of Copper and Copper Alloys”, V Callcut and L Brown, Welding and Metal Fabrication, June 1996,  pp232-234.

  93.     “Electrifying Copper”, V Callcut, Materials World, June 1997, pp320-321.

  94.     “Copper”, V Callcut, Proc. Historic Scotland Traditional Building Materials Conference, Stirling, Sept 1997, pp131-136.

  95.     “Electrical Energy Efficiency”, V Callcut, D Chapman, M Heathcote & R Parr, CDA Publication No 116, January 1997, 77pp.

  96.     “Earthing Practice”, T Charlton and V Callcut, CDA Publication 119, Feb 1997, 69pp.

  97.     “Copper and Copper Alloys”, V Callcut, Offshore International Sept 1997, pp 32-34.

  98.     “Copper and Copper Alloys, Compositions, Applications and Properties” J Westlake & V Callcut, CDA Publication 120, 1998, 27pp.

  99.     “Copper in Buildings” V Callcut and A Vessey, European Directory of Sustainable & Energy Efficient Building, 1998, pp125-127.

  100.  “Copper the Vital Metal”, V Callcut & K Bendall, CDA Publication No 121, April 1998, 42pp.

  101.  “High Conductivity Coppers for Electrical Engineering”, V Callcut & J Westlake, CDA Publication No 122, August 1998, 41pp. 

  102.  “Design in Brass”, V Callcut & K Kempson, CDA Publication 133, 1998, 8pp.

  103.  "Copper and Copper Alloys" V Callcut, Kempe's Engineers' Yearbook, Section C pp11 - 46, 1999.

  104.  “Increasing Copper Tonnage in Electrical Markets” V Callcut & D Chapman, Paper for Metal Bulletin Copper Alloy Fabricating Conference, Düsseldorf, November 1998.

  105. "Comparison of National Standards (ASTM, DIN, EN, BSI) for Copper Alloy Compositions", CDA Publication No 130, 1998.

Articles for the website of Copper Development Association Inc., USA 

Introduction to Copper  An introduction to copper, describing the many ways in which the metal is so useful. The article also touches on copper's invaluable contribution to the health of plants, animals and mankind. It provides an overview of copper and its properties and a guide to lead readers to appropriate sources of data.   CDA Inc Innovations article, August 2001.

Introduction to Brass   An overview of the family of alloys based on copper and zinc geared for designers, engineers and others who specify materials for manufactured products; also a brief history of brasses.   CDA Inc Innovations article, January, 2000.

Copper-Nickel Alloys - Marine Supreme   Introduction, Types of Copper-Nickel Alloy, Standards and Mechanical Properties, Resistance to Corrosion and Biofouling, Fabrication, Applications Information, Website Articles, Other References, Illustrations. CDA Inc Innovations article, June 2000.

Aluminium Bronzes     Covers the invaluable corrosion-resistant high-strength materials used for seawater systems, heavy duty bearings, electrical switchgear and many other applications where nothing else will do the job.  CDA Inc Innovations article, August 2002.

Presentations made to:

Metallurgical Societies of Cotswolds, Glasgow, Liverpool, London, Manchester, Nottingham, Oxford, Sheffield, South Wales & Southampton.

British Standards Institute

European Copper Institute

Institute of Metal Finishing

Institute of Metals/Materials meetings.

International Copper Association

International Copper Research Association

International Electrotechnical

International Standards Organisation

International Wrought Copper Council

St Albans’ Engineering Society.

St Albans’ Careers Conventions

Copper Development Association Conferences, seminars and meetings


Conference Committees:

 “Copper ‘83”, The Metals Society, London, 1-2nd Nov 1983.

“Design in Brass”, 21 Seminars, 1982, 1983, 1984 & 1985.

“Aluminium Bronze for Industry”, CDA, London, 1984

“Surface Finishes on Copper”, CDA, Birmingham, 1984.

“Copper Alloys in Marine Environments”, CDA, Birmingham 1985

“Marine Engineering with Copper-Nickels”, Institute of Metals, London, 1988.

“Copper ’90”, Institute of Materials, Vasteräs, Sweden, 1990

“Copper – Energy Efficiency, High Conductivity (EHC 9t3)”, CDA, Birmingham, 1993


Exhibition Stand Organisation

'Aluminium Bronze for Industry', London

'Autotech', Birmingham

'Castings and Forgings', Telford

CDA 'Brass' seminars at 21  venues.

'Design Engineering Show', Birmingham

'Drives and Controls', Telford

'Electrex', Birmingham

'Electrical Engineering', Wembley

ERA Conferences

'Eurochem', Birmingham

'Ideal Homes Exhibition', London and Birmingham

'Materials for Marine Engineering', London

'Metal Finishing', Coventry

'Metals Engineering', Birmingham and Leeds 

'New and Advanced Materials', London

'Offshore Europe Exhibition', Aberdeen

St Albans Careers Convention

'Subcon', Birmingham

  element spectra





 One Friday afternoon during the early 1950's a trio of laboratory assistants were supposed to be clearing up.  Instead, they agreed use the Hilger Medium Spectrograph to take a 10 x 4" plate photo of the spectra of all the metals that happened to be available.  It is unlikely that there is another one like it.